These are the
Catholic saints in my family tree:
- 1) Saint
Margaret, Queen of Scotland.
Margaret was the granddaughter to Edmund Ironside. She was married
to King Malcolm III, and crowned Queen of Scotland in 1070 at
the age of 24. According to Butler's Lives of the Saints: "She
procured zealous pastors to be established in all parts of her
dominions. Simony, usury, incestuous marriages and other abuses
were banished. Charity to the poor was her darling virtue. Whenever
she stirred out of her palace she was surrounded by troops of
widows, orphans and other distressed persons; nor did she send
any one away without relief. She erected hospitals for poor strangers.
Margaret was the grandniece of King
Edward the Confessor; also a Saint. King Edward was the son
of King Ethelred II, by his second wife Emma, daughter to Richard
I, and sister to Richard II the 3rd and 4th Dukes of Normandy.
Edward was against "vanity, pleasure and pride." The
only war St. Edward ever fought in was to restore King Malcolm
(a direct ancestor of this lineage) of Scotland back in power.
Butler's Lives of the Saints wrote: The laws framed by St. Edward
were the fruit of his wisdom...In them punishments were very
mild; scarce any crimes were capital and finder were certain
not inflicted at the pleasure of judges. A 120 page book printed
in 1691 will be included within this package.
- 2) Saint David, King David I of Scotland
Saint David was the son of King Malcolm III and Queen Saint Margaret
of Scotland. He was sent to the Norman court in England in 1093.
In 1113, he married Matilda, the widow of the earl of Northampton,
thereby becoming earl himself, and added the title earl of Cumbria
when his brother Alexander I became king. He waged a long war
against King Stephen for the throne of England on behalf of his
niece Matilda, but was defeated at Standard in 1138.
As King of Scotland from 1124, he was much more successful,
ruling with firmness, justice, and charity. David established
Norman law in Scotland, set up the office of chancellor, and
began the feudal court. He also learned the spirit of Cistercian
monks from Ailred of Rievaulx, who for a time was David's steward.
Scottish monasticism began to flower from the start of David's
reign and countless almshouses, leper-hospitals, and infirmaries
The monasteries founded under David's patronage were superb
architecturally as well as spiritually. The king refounded Melrose
Abbey on the main road from Edinburgh to the south, and it remained
one of the richest houses in Scotland. David also founded Jedburgh
Abbey in 1138, filling it was monks from Beauvais in France.
At Dundrennan in Dumfries and Galloway he founded in 1142 a splendid
abbey and staffed it with Cistercians from Rievaulx. The monks
were so well managed that they even started their own shipping
line and traded from the Solway Firth less than two miles away.
His feast day is May 24th.
- 3) Saint
Maud (or Matilda), Queen of Germany.
was the daughter of Theodoric a powerful Count of Flingheins.
She married in 913 to King Henry, son of Otho, Duke of Saxony.
In 919 Henry was chosen King of Germany.
When her husband died in 936 she renounced her jewels and
gave them to the priest "as a pledge" that she would
no longer be a part of royalty.
St. Maud had three sons Otho; Henry Duke of Bavaria; and St.
Bruno, Archbishop of Cologne. According to Butler's Lives of
the Saints: "Two of her sons Otho and St. Bruno conspired
to strip her of her dowry on the unjust pretence that she had
squandered away the revenues of the state on the poor. The unnatural
princes at length repented of their injustice, and restored all
that had been taken from her. She then became more liberal in
her alms than ever, and founded many churches, with five monasteries
of which the principal were that of Polden, in the duchy of Brunswick
in which she maintained three thousand monks, and that of Quedlinbourg
in the duchy of Saxony."
- 4). Arnulf
- Died 640. Arnulf was a courtier of the Austrasian King Theodebert
II, a valiant warrior, and a valued adviser. He married the noble
Doda (the marriage of his son Ansegisel to Begga, daughter of
Blessed Pepin of Landen, produced the Carolingian line of kings
Arnulf desired to become a monk at Lérins. However,
when his wife took the veil and Arnulf was at the point of entering
Lérins, he was appointed bishop of Metz about 610. He
played a prominent role in affairs of state, was one of those
instrumental in making Clotaire of Neustria king of Austrasia,
and was chief counselor to Dagobert, son of King Clotaire, when
the king appointed him king of Austrasia.
About 626, Arnulf resigned his see and retired to a hermitage
near the abbey of Remiremont Delaney, Encyclopedia).
In art, Saint Arnulf is portrayed as a bishop with a coat
of mail under his cope. He may also be shown (1) with a fish
having a ring in its mouth; (2) blessing a burning castle; or
(3) washing the feet of the poor (Roeder). He is venerated at
Remiremont. Like Saint Antony, Arnulf is invoked to find lost
articles. He is also the patron saint of music, millers, and
- 5). Saint Begga
- widow, patron of Benjuines; died Anndenne, December 17, 693
(feast day Dec. 17).
She was the daughter of Pepin of Landen and St. Iduberga,
and the older sister of St. Gertrude of Nivelles. Begga married
the nobleman Anseilius, son of St. Arnulf of Metz, and she was
the mother of Pepin the Short, also known as Pepin of Herstal,
founder of the Carolingian dynasty of rulers of France. After
becoming a widow she founded in (691-692) a convent at Andenne,
near Namur, Belgium. The first nuns came from Nivelles
and introduced Irish monastic customs. Begga's remains
are preserved at Andenne; her vita was written in the late 11th
century. She is invoked for the cure of hernias and of infants'
diseases. Although she has been the patroness of the Beguines
since the 14th century, she was not their foundress.
St. Gertrude, sister of St. Begga, has her feast day on March
17. Gertrude was an example of virtue and a defender of Irish
monasticism; her abbey later sent the first nuns to Andenne,
founded by her sister. Gertrude is invoked against mice, then
the bane of the countryside. Her remains are preserved
in a reliquary, a masterpiece of silverwork (dating from 1272-98),
now in the collegiate church of Nivelles. The vita of St.
Gertrude of Nivelles was written circa 670 and it was reqritten
sometime in the 11th century.
- 6). Saint Iduberga
- hold widow, born circa 592; died Nivelles May 8, 652 (feast
day, May 8th).
Iduberga, called also Ida or Itta, was the daughter of a Count
of Aquitane, was married to Pepin of Landen, the mayor of the
palace, and was the mother of SS. Begga and Gertrude of
Nivelles. As a widow, she was advised by St. Amandus to
found an abbey at Nivelles (Belgium). She dedicated herself
and all her property to this monastery, whose first nuns came
Five years before she died Iduberga arranged for her daughter
Gertrude to succeed her as superior at Nivelles; she was buried
in St. Peter's, Nivelles. Later her relics were placed in a reliquary
that is carried in a procession each year with the relics of
the other saints of Nivelles.